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Health and Wellbeing

Elderly Loneliness During the Festive Season

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Oak Tree Team

20th December, 2023

Elderly lady alone at Christmas

The festive season, a time synonymous with family, joy, and togetherness, ironically becomes a period of profound loneliness and isolation for many elderly individuals. Age UK reports that over 2.3 million older people in the UK long for companionship during Christmas, with 1.6 million finding Christmas Day the hardest​​. These figures are a stark reminder of the contrasting experiences faced during a season widely celebrated for its spirit of togetherness.

In light of this, Oak Tree Mobility confronts a significant but often overlooked issue affecting the elderly in the UK: increased loneliness during the Christmas season. We aim to raise awareness about the challenges many seniors face during a time traditionally associated with family and togetherness, calling for greater societal attention and action to alleviate their isolation during the holidays.

The Extent of the Problem

Data from a recent ONS survey highlights how widespread loneliness can be, a condition that can be particularly prevalent during the holiday season.

The data reveals that over 51% of the population experiences loneliness, with 7% reporting feeling lonely "Often/always". This statistic is particularly relevant for the elderly, who may face increased isolation due to factors like the loss of a spouse, distant family relationships, or mobility issues. During Christmas, when the societal focus on togetherness intensifies, this loneliness can become more acute and noticeable.

Other findings from the survey shed light on the fluctuations in loneliness over time. Each November and December overall life satisfaction is reported to drop 0.3 points on the rest of the year, with the percentage of people feeling lonely increasing 2% during the same time period compared to the rest of the year. These trends suggest that feelings of loneliness can vary, possibly influenced by seasonal factors. The Christmas period, with its emphasis on social gatherings, may exacerbate feelings of exclusion for those who lack family connections or social networks, a situation that many elderly individuals face.

Elderly man unhappy and alone during Christmas

How are the Elderly Affected?

A significant number of older individuals, particularly women over the age of 65, report heightened feelings of loneliness during the Christmas period. About 29% of older women experience this isolation more acutely during festive times​​. This demographic is especially vulnerable due to factors like living alone, which is the case for approximately 25% of the elderly in the UK during the festive season​​.

The reasons behind this loneliness are multifaceted. Reduced social interactions, physical and emotional distances from family, and societal expectations play significant roles. The festive season, which emphasises togetherness, can deepen the feelings of exclusion and neglect among the elderly.

The data also hints at the impact of external factors such as the COVID-19 pandemic, which brought significant changes to social interaction norms and possibly heightened feelings of loneliness. For the elderly, who were among the most vulnerable during the pandemic, the fear of illness and the restrictions on social gatherings may have further compounded their sense of isolation during past Christmas seasons. In periods such as winter where illness rates are heightened, elderly individuals may shield themselves more and in turn restrict the amount of face-to-face contact they would ordinarily have.

Restricted visiting

The Cost of Living Crisis

The cost of living crisis in the UK, as detailed by the Office for National Statistics, not only places financial strain on the elderly but also worsens the issue of loneliness, particularly during the Christmas season. This time of year, which is often associated with family gatherings and festive celebrations, can be especially challenging for older adults who are facing economic hardships.

The financial strain, as highlighted by the ONS, means that many elderly individuals are unable to afford necessities like heating and food​​. The inability to adequately heat their homes can lead to health problems and increased isolation, as the elderly may be reluctant to leave their homes or invite others in.

The increased cost of living can limit the elderly's ability to participate in social activities crucial for combating loneliness. Festive events and activities, which are often seen as antidotes to isolation during the Christmas period, might become unaffordable or inaccessible. This can lead to a heightened sense of loneliness at a time when the societal focus on togetherness is at its peak.

The inability to afford social activities is a key element in this growing problem. As living costs escalate, many older individuals find themselves having to prioritise necessities over social engagements and activities that were once integral to their social lives.

Addressing the Issue

Addressing the issue of the elderly spending Christmas alone is crucial for fostering a sense of community and ensuring that they feel valued and connected during the holiday season. 

Volunteering to help the elderly

Here are five solutions to address this issue:

  1. Community Volunteer Programs: Establishing community volunteer programs where individuals can sign up to spend time with the elderly during Christmas. These programs can include activities like sharing a meal, participating in holiday traditions, or simply engaging in conversation. Local community centres, churches, or social service organisations can coordinate these efforts.
  2. Virtual Connection Initiatives: In the age of technology, virtual connections can be invaluable. Setting up video calls for the elderly with their family members, friends, or volunteers can help reduce feelings of isolation. This can be facilitated through local community groups or social service agencies, ensuring that the elderly have the necessary technology and assistance to connect virtually  
  3. Holiday Companion Services: Developing a service where volunteers specifically offer companionship during the holidays. This can include visiting the elderly in their homes, inviting them to community events, or organising special holiday gatherings for those who might otherwise be alone.
  4. Intergenerational Engagement Programs: Creating programs that encourage intergenerational engagement, such as pairing young people with older adults to spend time together during the holiday season. These programs can include activities like decorating, gift exchanges, or storytelling, fostering a sense of family and community across generations.
  5. Public Awareness Campaigns: Launching awareness campaigns to highlight the issue of elderly isolation during Christmas. This can involve media campaigns, social media outreach, and community events to encourage people to reach out to elderly neighbours, relatives, and community members. The aim is to create a culture of inclusivity and caring, ensuring that the elderly are not forgotten during the festive season.

Christmas should be a time of joy and togetherness, but for too many of our seniors, it's a season of loneliness. Our research echoes what has been seen nationally: over 2 million elderly in the UK are in dire need of companionship during the holidays. It's a stark reminder that we must do more as a society. By mobilising community initiatives, encouraging volunteerism, and advocating for supportive policies, we can change the narrative of these golden years from solitude to solidarity.

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